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Issue 6/2021: The Road to Pax Caucasia

Now available! Issue 6 (November-December) / 2021 which focuses on the current situation in the South Caucasus as well as the legacy of the collapse of the Soviet Union 30 years ago.

December 2, 2021 - New Eastern Europe - issue 6 2021Magazine

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The extremely tense situation at the Polish, Lithuanian and Latvian borders with Belarus where thousands of migrants from the Middle East are being used in the most cynical way to put pressure on European Union is a gruesome reminder of why it is so crucial to pay attention to the developments in our region. Clearly, history has not ended on the post-Soviet space and conflicts continue to break out.

Only a year ago we witnessed the second Nagorno-Karabakh war between Armenia and Azerbaijan. It took at least 5,000 lives and significantly shifted the geopolitics in the South Caucuses. One year on, we reflect on this conflict and seek a chance for lasting peace for the people of Armenia, Azerbaijan and their neighbours. We gathered opinions from authors who argue that the way forward is through shared infrastructure and transportation links. We publish these essays believing that having such a debate is an important step, even if some analysts may doubt the success of Pax Caucasia.

Even more, the situation in Belarus and at the border, Nagorno-Karabakh, as well as the ongoing war in Ukraine, are elements in the long-term process of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The destruction of the empire indeed started 30 years ago when Boris Yeltsin, Leonid Kravchuk and Stanislav Shushkievich signed the now famous Belovezha Accords which formally brought an end to the USSR. The outcome of this decision is discussed and analysed by our authors in a special section which we publish in this issue in partnership with the Friedrich Ebert Foundation (Warsaw office) and where we pay special attention to social aspects of the post-Soviet transformation. To put it in the words of professor Serhii Plokhy: “the disintegration of the Soviet Union is still going on and it is not peaceful”.

Table of Contents

The road to Pax Caucasia

Infrastructural connectivity of the South Caucasus. A chance for a community of interests?
Mariusz Maszkiewicz

A new corridor, a new impetus
Ali Hajizade

The South Caucasus after the Second Karabakh War
Valery Chechelashvili

Understanding the Kremlin’s logic after the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
Volodymyr Kopchak 

Caucasian geopolitics: Finding a path towards stability and peaceful coexistence
Vakhtang Maisaia

The Zangezur corridor. An Azerbaijani perspective
Murad Muradov 

The Armenian view on the opening of the South Caucasus after the 2020 Karabakh War
Benyamin Poghosyan 

The position of Georgia within the context of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
Victor Kipiani

Opinion and Analysis

Vladimir the historian. Putin’s political revision of Ukrainian history
Joshua R . Kroeker 

Who benefits from the CSTO?
Tiziano Marino and Tatevik Hovhannisyan

The Central and Eastern European natural gas market 2013-19. Trends and implications
Dwight Nystrom and Geoffrey Lyon

The public diplomacy of the Associated Trio. Singing in unison?
Maria Protsiuk


The new Babyn Yar Holocaust Memorial Centre is a Trojan horse for Putin’s hybrid war
An interview with Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern


History and Memory

Novgorod, violence and Russian political culture
Miłosz Jeromin Cordes

Blindspots in Second World War History
Kristina Smolijaninovaitė

Stories and ideas

Lithuania fumbles with 4,200 migrants, pushing human rights aside
Linas Jegelevicius

Thirty years after the fall. The legacy of the Soviet Union 

The disintegration of the Soviet Union is still going on and it is not peaceful
A conversation with Serhii Plokhy

Legacies of the real and imagined Soviet Union 1991-2021
Alexander Libman and Anastassia Obydenkova 

Russia’s young generation and the Soviet myth
Victoria Odissonova 

History never ends
Andrii Portnov

A History of Europe Fraught in Contradictions: 1989-2021
Wolfgang Eichwede

After the Soviet Union. A melancholy of unwanted experiences
Bakar Berekashvili

Society vs the elite. Belarusian post-Soviet experiences
Anton Saifullayeu and Maxim Rust



The pain of Gongadze’s unsolved murder
Clemence Lavialle and Iwona Reichardt 

Deconstruction on the (semi)periphery
Michał Przeperski 

Happiness in small doses
Adam Reichardt


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