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The Armenian view on the opening of the South Caucasus after the 2020 Karabakh War

The agreement that ended the 2020 Karabakh War called for transportation links to be put on the geopolitical agenda of the South Caucasus. According to the statement, Armenia should guarantee the security of transport connections between the western regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. However, recent tensions in the Syunik region will likely impact the success of these developments.

The 2020 Karabakh War has caused a significant shift in the geopolitics of the South Caucasus. Azerbaijan naturally strengthened its position, while Armenia was plunged into an acute political crisis without any clear solutions. Even the victory of Nikol Pashinyan’s “Civic Contract” party in the June 2021 early Parliamentary elections did not put an end to the domestic instability. Russia and Turkey have also increased their influence in the region. Moscow achieved its crucial goal of deploying troops in Karabakh, while Ankara has sent a clear message that it is now a leading regional powerbroker.
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December 2, 2021 - Benyamin Poghosyan - Hot Topicsissue 6 2021Magazine

Following the November agreement, the de facto demarcation of the Armenia–Azerbaijan border in the Syunik region (known for its beautiful mountainous scenery as seen above) was hastily completed. Azerbaijan and Turkey hope to establish de facto control over parts of the region to create an uninterrupted land corridor. Photo: Sun_Shine / Shutterstock

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