The re-Sovietisation of Belarus
The nature of the crisis in Belarus is the same as in other countries of the region, with the collapse of old Soviet structures in the economy, society, politics and ideology. Alyaksandr Lukashenka does not understand the urbanised modern society he is trying to rule. In order to re-establish control, his regime is trying to move the society backwards. Repressions will be extremely costly for Belarusian society, but Lukashenka’s goal is unlikely to be achieved.
The past two years saw growing pressure from western sanctions on the Belarusian regime. Each move Alyaksandr Lukashenka took since 2020 has further limited his room for manoeuvre. After each of his decisions – the brutal crackdown of the 2020 protests; the repressions that followed; the grounding of the Ryanair plane; and finally, the support for the Russian invasion of Ukraine – a new wave of sanctions was introduced.
December 7, 2022 -
AnalysisIssue 6 2022Magazine
According to one estimate, the number of post-2020 Belarusian emigrants is
around a quarter of a million people. This means that up to one-third of those
who took part in the 2020 protests were forced to leave the country. Photo: Ruslan Kalnitsky / Shutterstock