War was not inevitable
NEW EASTERN EUROPE: Could you tell us a little about you relatives from the old Russian aristocracy?
DOMINIC LIEVEN: Well, they were Russian in the broadest sense of the term. They would often be described as Baltic German. Ultimately, they were Livonian. They were there when the German knights arrived. And of course in terms of identities and mixtures, they were everything you could imagine – but Russian can be a good shorthand here.