Issue 5/2022: Loss and Division
On how Ukraine’s suffering goes well beyond the front line. The latest issue of New Eastern Europe is now available
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September marked six months since Russia’s unprovoked invasion against Ukraine began. The Ukrainian defence, even though initially doubted by some, remains admirable. We often hear that had the Ukrainians showed less courage and determination, the western assistance, especially in terms of military equipment, would not have been offered to the extent that it has.
Yet, even though the quality and size of the equipment that the Ukrainian army has received is impressive and effectively used, it is also clear that it may not be enough as the aggression is far from over. The destruction continues.
In August, the Kyiv School of Economics estimated that the war has cost Ukraine 103.8 billion US dollars thus far. This is not to mention the human loss, cultural capital and agriculture. The authors of this issue address all of these topics, presenting the perspective from inside Ukraine. We publish them with an aim to encourage you to start thinking about Ukraine’s future and one key challenge it will face – overcoming this enormous loss. Certainly, the war will end one day and it is our deep conviction that Ukraine will come out victorious and territorially integrated.
Yet, the reconstruction to follow will take years and the cost will be massive, especially since the Ukrainian government has promised that it will do its best to “rebuild better than before”. To make that happen the international community needs to get involved and willing to share in the costs. That is why we fully agree with the proposal presented in this issue to offer Ukraine debt relief, just as Germany received it after the Second World War and Poland – partially – after the fall of communism. We hope that such thinking, with a long-term perspective in mind, will prevail and adequate efforts will be made so that security and democracy become deeply rooted in the region.
In addition to discussing the current situation in Ukraine, we also tackle the topic of the long-term perspective of Germany’s reunification in 1991. It is worth revisiting this historic event from various viewpoints, understanding that while it should be consider a success, lessons should still be drawn. And the future developments in Europe are still being shaped by Germany’s reunification.
Table of Contents
Division and Loss
Ukraine’s suffering goes beyond the front line Oksana Forostyna
What the Russian invasion has cost Ukraine Lee Reaney
How Russia’s war estranged us, probably forever Iryna Matviyishyn
Revisiting the original loss. Crimea Maksym Popovych
Visualising the stories of war Masha Vushedsky
The bees of war Alisa Koverda
Why Ukraine needs debt forgiveness Dorota Kolarska and Magdalena Milenkovska
The tragedy for Belarus and Ukraine Pavel Latushka
Can Georgia get back on track? Beka Chedia
Opinion and Analysis
The game of influence in the South Caucasus Tatevik Hovhannisyan
Georgian Dream faces a critical moment Nino Chanadiri
Germany as a bellwether for post-war European energy security Ismet Fatih Čančar and Marc Ozawa
The Asian front of the war in Ukraine Tiziano Marino
Sovereignty kills. Lessons learnt from the war An interview with Andrey Makarychev
Contemporary left in Georgia A conversation with Bakar Berekashvili
Stories and Ideas
Art, Culture and Society
Women will shake and reverse public opinion about this war An interview with Liliya Vezhevatova
History and Memory
Modern Europe – forged in the Gdańsk Shipyard Basil Kerski
The unfin(n)ished story of the Baltic alliance Grzegorz Szymborski
Legacy of German Reunification. A view from the neighbours
From a fractious to uneventful relationship with the reluctant hegemon. German reunification from the Czech perspective Tereza Novotná and Vít Havelka
A gap in Polish-German relations Kinga Anna Gajda
Caution, “concrete utopias” and common threats. Dutch perspectives on German unity Florian Hartleb, Florian Lippert and Friso Wielenga