Issue 3-4 2017: The Balkan Carousel

OkładkaNEE May-August 2017

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“The price of Europeanising the Balkans is much higher than the price of the Balkanisation of Europe,” claims Zagreb-based writer Miljenko Jergović in the opening essay to this issue of New Eastern Europe. This poignant statement calls for wide attention, especially of those who hold dear the idea of a united and expanding Europe. It points to the immense pressure that has been emerging within the region of the Western Balkans and which could have an effect on Europe as a whole. This also inclines that a better understanding of the Balkans is a prerequisite for a better understanding of the developments on the entire European continent.


This fact has been true before, although not always – as our authors point out – taken seriously. Thus, it is worthwhile reading the essay by Adam Balcer, who argues that since antiquity the region of the Western Balkans has been at the core of westernisation. It was the place where great powers battled for influence and where world wars erupted. In the 21st century a new scenario, with some similarities of the past, may be unfolding.


Throughout the whole issue, our authors who are either based in the region or avid readers of its developments, point out to some alarming trends that the power games may indeed be returning. Such is the case of Turkey as described by Tomasz Targański who highlights the rise of Neo-Ottomanism. Russian influence is also felt in the region as Kenneth Morrison and Jelena Milić argue in their respective essays. Equally worrisome is the issue of Islamic extremism that is reported by Tatyana Dronzina and Sulejman Muça to be seeking a foothold in Europe via the Balkans.

 

Despite these and other developments the West has proved wrong in some decisions that were made in regards to the Balkans. The most striking example of a flawed policy implementation is depicted by Christopher Bennett as he shows how the Dayton Peace Agreement has turned Bosnia and Herzegovina into Europe’s longest frozen conflict, with little desire for improving the status quo.

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

OPINION & ANALYSIS

 

Is Europe losing the Balkans? Miljenko Jergović

The price of Europeanising the Balkans today is probably higher than it was 20 years ago – when a golden opportunity to bring stability to the region was missed. But it still remains incomparably cheaper than the price to be paid in the event of the Balkanisation of Europe.

 

Dayton at death’s door - Christopher Bennett

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s trajectory has been consistently and evidently downwards since 2006, with the pace of descent accelerating every year. Post-war optimism disappeared long ago to be replaced by a fatalistic cynicism.

 

De-radicalising the Western Balkans - Tatyana Dronzina and Sulejman Muça

The Western Balkans have become fertile ground for ISIS recruitment and a place of terrorist activity in the heart of Europe. Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia require greater attention on the social, economic and political issues if de-radicalisation eff orts are to succeed before it is too late.

 

Without accountability, there is no closure - Morgan Meaker

 

A long road ahead for women in Kosovo - Sidita Kushi

 

Western Balkan memory games - Simone Benazzo

 

Presidential election in Serbia. Unfair but square - Jelena Milić

 

Protests, plots and proxies - Kenneth Morrison

 

Public media in a deeply fragmented country - Antonio Scancariello

 

Neo-Ottomanism. An empire being rebuilt? - Tomasz Targański

 

A new, old Central Europe? - Ziemowit Szczerek

 

The Balkans. A history of civilisation - Adam Balcer

 

What will Lukashaneka do next? - Michał Potocki

 

All Latvian politics is local - Koen Verhelst

 

East of the South: Malta and the post-Soviet space - Miłosz J. Zieliński

 

Passion over censorship - Mykola Riabchuk

 

Eastern Ukraine left in limbo - Maxim Rust

 

The legacy of the Revolution on Granite - Olga Onuch

 

Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine join forces - Jakub Bornio

 

 

INTERVIEWS

 

Georgia’s thorny path to constitutionalism - An interview with Zaza Rukhadze

 

Georgia’s memory of communism  - An interview with Irakli Khvadagiani

 

 

HISTORY AND MEMORY

 

The iron guards of Ukrainian nationalism - Marek Wojnar

 

 

REPORTS

 

Stories from Hotel Porin - Mislav Marjanović

 

Finding God in Kramatorsk - Paulina Siegień

 

 

PEOPLE, IDEAS, INSPIRATION

 

Old divisions die hard - Linda Massino

 

 

EASTERN CAFÉ

 

Trying to please Jacques - Bartosz Marcinkowski

 

Doctor Love - Iwona Reichardt

 

Breaking the comfortable silence on the Holocaust - Linas Vildžiūnas

 

Seeking ground zero of the post-Soviet space - Agnieszka Pikulicka-Wilczewska

 

The more things change, the more they stay the same - Kacper Dziekan

 

On change. In pain and fear - Tomasz Lachowski

 

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Issue 5 2016: Silencing Dissent

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The plight of political prisoner's in Eastern Europe

 

This issue of New Eastern Europe aims to show the plight of the political prisoners whose voices we barely hear. Our contributors include former prisoners themselves, Andrei Sannikov and Rasul Jafarov, as well as other authors who illustrate the alarming increase in oppressions in the post-Soviet space. Reading them should help us understand the dire situation of today’s freedom fighters and encourage greater solidarity towards their cause.


Continued attention also needs to be paid to Ukraine, where changes are being implemented even if some elements of the landscape remain the same. Yulia Tymoshenko is hungry for power again and appears willing to do whatever it takes to make a comeback. Our author, Ukrainian journalist Roman Romanyuk, explains why Tymoshenko’s ratings are on the rise. As the situation with Crimea becomes increasingly tense, the position of its Tatar population is only getting worse. It is presented in Igor Semyvolos’s text. Finally, while the western media talk about the possibility of war in Ukraine’s eastern parts, our reporters, Paweł Pieniążek and Wojciech Koźmic, show that in the two self-proclaimed republics, the war has never stopped.

We close this issue with a special section on Kraków and Lviv – two UNESCO Cities of Literature.  

   

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WHAT’S INSIDE

 

Existence without lifeAndrei Sannikov

 

A new generation of Russian political prisoners Janek Lasocki

 

Azerbaijan’s very own Ivan Denisovichs Arzu Geybullayeva

 

I chose not to be afraid - A conversation with Rasul Jafarov, former political prisoner in Azerbaijan

 

Central Asia’s opposition: Go directly to jail, do not pass go - Peter Leonard

 

Beyond control Interview with Irina Borogan deputy editor of www.agentura.ru

 

Why Russia does not retrench Stanislav Secrieru

 

Tymoshenko still hungry for power Roman Romanyuk

 

Time for fresh ideas in Ukraine’s democratisation efforts Nicholas Ross Smith

 

Helpless in their own homeland Igor Semyvolos

 

Resetting Georgia-NATO relations - Eugene Kogan

 

 

INTERVIEWS

 

A post-modern construct deprived of ideology A conversation with Olga Sedakova

 

Is there a Transnistrian identity? Interview with Nikolay Babilunga

 

 

REPORTS

 

A shell-shocked city: two years on - Wojciech Koźmic

 

A zone of limited freedom - Paweł Pieniążek

 

HISTORY AND MEMORY

 

How much Königsberg is in Kaliningrad? - Paulina Siegień

 

 

PEOPLE, IDEAS, INSPIRATION

 

Where does an article end and a story begin? - Hektor Haarkötter

 

EASTERN CAFÉ - reviews of books and films from the region

 

A special section on Kraków and Lviv – Two UNESCO Cities of Literature 

 

And much more …

 

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Issue 6 2016: Brave New Borders

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Five years since the first issue of New Eastern Europe, we return to the topic of that first issue: Borders. This issue, titled “Brave New Borders”, debates Europe as a border-free continent as well as offers analyses on the border changes 25 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union. At that time new borders emerged. Not all of them, as Tom de Waal and Maciej Falkowski argue, fit the social context of the countries they are meant to demark. This, in turn, can spark conflicts and lead to separatist tendencies as well as other undesired developments.

 

Borders can also be rendered meaningless by massive migration movements, as Vesna Goldsworthy illustrates in the case of Great Britain and the Balkans. Memory can also create borders, it is argued by Ukrainian writer Andriy Lyubka who takes us on a journey to search Ovid’s traces in the places where the Roman poet spent his last days. Lastly, Ulrike Guérot (Germany) and Dániel Mikecz (Hungary) debate as to whether we are truly ready to live in a borderless world.



Clearly, the thematic scope of this issue goes beyond borders and includes the critical essays on the most current and pressing developments. They include Francisco de Borja Lasheras’ in depth analysis of the reform process (or lack thereof) in Ukraine and Taras Kuzio’s unmasking of Europe’s extreme politics rooted in Soviet narratives.

   

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WHAT’S INSIDE

 

OPINION & ANALYSIS

 

Revenge of the border

Thomas de Waal

 

A journey upstream: New meanings of the border

Vesna Goldsworthy

 

In search of barbarians

Andriy Lyubka

 

Can we live in a borderless world?

Ulrike Guérot

 

Believe it or not: Borders ensure political action

Dániel Mikecz

 

Building co-existence: Part II

Krzysztof Czyżewski

 

The South Caucasus. A stable change

Maciej Falkowski

 

Reforming Ukraine in times of war and counter-revolution

Francisco de Borja Lasheras

 

At 25 is Ukraine any closer to Europe?

Joanna Fomina

 

Hybrid deportation from Crimea

Greta Uehling

 

Wine and geopolitics

Kamil Całus and Piotr Oleksy

 

The Mikhalkov-Putin syndrome

Leonidas Donskis

 

The Soviet roots of anti-fascism and antisemitism

Taras Kuzio

 

Russia’s complicated memory

Kacper Dziekan

 

London’s gift to Moscow

Grzegorz Kaliszuk

 

Armenia seeks to bolster its role as a transit state

Erik Davtyan

 

Central and Eastern European heritage in the Southern Cone

Stuart Feltis

 

INTERVIEWS

 

The collapse of the Soviet Union was a miracle. The tragedy is taking place today

An interview with Serhii Plokhy

 

The Donetsk that we used to know no longer exists

An interview with Yuriy Temirov

 

REPORTS

 

The Balkan Route uncovered

Natasza Styczyńska and Omar Marques

 

HISTORY AND MEMORY

 

Monument wars in the Baltic states

Aleksandra Kuczyńska-Zonik

 

A DEBATE ON MEMORY

 

A new national story?

Jean-Yves Potel

 

In the interest of freedom

Piotr Skwieciński

 

PEOPLE, IDEAS, INSPIRATION

 

Good girls seldom make foreign policy

Iwona Reichardt

 

EASTERN CAFÉ

 

Between Ostpolitik and eastern policy

Paweł Kowal

 

Snapshots of Central Asia

Eimear O’Casey

 

Searching for shadows

Maxim Edwards

 

Energy quest for Belarus

Vytis Jurkonis

 

25 YEARS TOGETHER. REGIONAL CO-OPERATION BETWEEN POLAND AND SAXONY

 

Why a good neighbourhood matters?

Paweł Kurant

 

We can be optimistic about the future

An interview with Adam Hamryszczak

 

On Polish-German relations during challenging times

Bartosz Rydliński

 

Preserving the unity of a fragmenting Europe

Kai-Olaf Lang

 

Borders of opportunity

Adriana Skorupska

 

Poniatowski in Leipzig

Konstantin Schoenfelde

 

 

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Issue 1 2017: The Art of Revolution

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In this issue we explore the phenomenon of Revolutions which has played a key role in this region for centuries: revolutions. We specifically look at the question as to whether revolution in Ukraine has become a permanent feature of that country’s political culture since independence 25 years ago. In this issue we return to the thesis that Paweł Kowal and Maciej Wapiński put forward three years ago in New Eastern Europe which adds the 1990 students’ hunger strike to the sequence of revolutionary events in Ukraine. Consequently, our authors map the country’s post-Soviet transformation through the prism of revolutionary events.

 

Naturally, political transformations, peaceful or not, have not been limited to Ukraine. They have been occurring in many areas of the post-Soviet space. This fact has been cherished in the West. However, the picture of Armenia, as penned down by Małgorzata Nocuń illustrates how such an assumption is not entirely correct. Even once a part of the same unit, we need to look at the post-Soviet republics as states that have taken different paths in the last decades and continue to experience different pressures from Russia. To understand this further we should cautiously follow the developments within them, as well as within Russia. A good start are three texts: Sean Guillory on the failure of the Russian protests to achieve any sustainable success, Daniel Wańczyk on the changes taking place in the life of the Arctic seen in the example of Vorkuta and Wojciech Siegień who notes the indoctrination through education that is now increasingly present in the Russian Federation.

 

We also take a look at the importance of Polish-Ukrainian relations in the future success of the region. These are mentioned in the pieces by Georges Mink, Kostiantyn Fedorenko and George Soroka. All the authors postulate on how painful historical memories still exist between the two nations and argue the need for their resolution. A review of the recent film Wołyń by Kaja Puto is an additional point in this debate.

   

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WHAT'S INSIDE

 

OPINION AND ANALYSIS

 

Three Revolutions. A research project

Georges Mink, Paweł Kowal

 

Once a protester, always a protester

Kateryna Pryshchepa

 

We were acting as neighbours, as friends of Ukraine

Interview with Valdas Adamkus

 

New tools of the revolution

Roman Romanyuk

 

Beyond Maidan Nezalezhnosti

Nataliya Zubar, Vitalii Ovcharenko

 

High stakes in Ukraine. From revolution to reform

Kostiantyn Fedorenko

 

Three myths of Ukraine’s revolutions

Nataliia Pohorila

 

What makes a revolution (or not)

Diāna Potjomkina and Ilvija Bruģe

 

Whatever happened to “Russia without Putin”?

Sean Guillory

 

Talkin’ bout a revolution

Małgorzata Nocuń

 

Kyrgyzstan: a revolutionary drama

Christopher Schwartz

 

Putin pushing the envelope

Anton Barbashin

 

Consequences of Putin’s disinformation war in Europe

David Matsaberidze

 

Making the unreal real

Wojciech Siegeń

 

Combative pasts. The politics of history in post-communist Europe

George Soroka

 

Laying the groundwork for reconciliation

Georges Mink

 

 

INTERVIEWS

 

The shadow over Hungary’s history

An interview with Paul Lendvai

 

Shevardnadze could listen, but he did not hear

An interview with Nino Burjanadze

 

 

REPORTS

 

The black island of the Arctic

Daniel Wańczyk

 

Familiar strangers

Maxim Edwards

 

 

HISTORY AND MEMORY

 

Rock of ages

Jonathan Bousfield

 

His Highness’s life. Parallel to reality

Andrzej Zaręba

 

 

PEOPLE, IDEAS, INSPIRATION

 

Is it time to rebrand Eastern Europe?

A debate with Rebecca Harms, Balázs Jarábik, Cornelius Ochmann and Anastasia Sergeeva.

 

 

EASTERN CAFÉ

 

A film which divides Poles and Ukrainians

Kaja Puto

 

The spectre of neoliberalism

János Széky

 

A church for the state or churches for the people?

Przemysław Pazik

 

An unexpected focus on the South

Andriy Lyubka

 

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Issue 2 2017: Is the world turning upside down?

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If there is one phrase that is being repeated like a mantra in 2017, it is that “the world is upside down”. During public and private discussions from Warsaw to Prague, Berlin, Brussels, London and even Washington we see a growing sentiment that we can no longer make basic assumptions about the infallibility of liberal democracy. Of course, a lot of this sentiment is related to the rise of anti-liberal (or illiberal) populist forces in both the eastern and western parts of Europe (not to mention the United States) and the concerns that go along with this rise. There is no doubt that a real challenge to the current liberal democratic order is taking place, including in many countries of our region. Hence, the question that arises is – if the liberal democratic order is indeed no longer sound, what is the alternative?

 

This issue of New Eastern Europe debates the state of liberal democracy in Europe and specifically adds the voices from our region. We not only asked our authors to interpret the rise of populist, anti-liberal attitudes, but also present voices from those who do not think it is such a terrible thing. Agree with them or not, their arguments allow us to understand their perspective and force us to interpret why traditional, conservative politics are becoming more popular in Central and Eastern Europe. They also presents a certain reflection of similar processes taking place in the West, in such countries as France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands or the United States. Lastly, the role of outside influence, like Russian propaganda, is also one that needs to be taken into account in this context.

 

These developments will also likely have an effect on Ukraine – a country which has declared a pro-European path but still struggles with its post-Soviet heritage. There is no question that Ukraine’s success directly depends upon how politics develops in the West. That is why this issue looks at the process, or lack thereof, of de-oligarchisation, the fight against corruption, the situation of the Crimean Tatars and the current state of Polish-Ukrainian relations.

 

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WHAT'S INSIDE

 

OPINION & ANALYSIS

 

 

No alternative to liberal democracy? - Samuel Abrahám

 

Illiberalism - György Schöpflin

 

Illiberal winds from the East - Bartosz Rydliński

 

Europe needs a return to its true values - Boško Obradović

 

A far right hijack of Intermarium - Matthew Kott

 

The world is fundamentally changing - Raivis Zeltīts

 

Facts need to matter, no matter what - Mateusz Mazzini and Miłosz Wiatrowski

 

Homo politicus, Homo passionis - Agnieszka Pikulicka-Wilczewska

 

The five rings of the empire - Paweł Kowal

 

Chaos or Stability - Marcin Kaczmarski

 

The abandonment of Ukraine? - David R. Marples

 

The oligarchs strike back - Tadeusz Iwański

 

Crimean Tatars losing hope - Ridvan Bari De Urcosta

 

Celebrating diversity in Kyiv - Anna Kotaleichuk

 

Georgia’s unwavering or unravelling pro-European direction - Eugene Kogan

 

REPORTS

 

Mariupol on the edge of war - Wojciech Koźmic

  

INTERVIEWS

 

I am personally very Euro-optimistic - An interview with Andrii Deshchytsia

 

Poland fully supports the Ukrainian cause - An interview with Jan Piekło

 

HISTORY AND MEMORY

 

Russia between revolutions - A conversation with Sylwia Frołow

 

Doroshenko’s third way - Tomasz Targański

 

PEOPLE, IDEAS, INSPIRATION

 

Integration starts at home - Anna Fedas

 

The story of Poland’s multinational history - Elżbieta Ciborska

 

Estonia faces challenges both old and new with integration efforts - Michael Amundsen

 

EASTERN CAFÉ

 

How Russia understands international law - Przemysław Roguski

 

Caught in the storyline - Kacper Dziekan

 

Through Crimea with Eldar - Wojciech Siegień

 

Forgotten heroes of a forgotten war - Andrzej Zaręba

 

A Ukrainian miracle - Olena Pavlova

 

 

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